3D Graphics, Tutorials and Tips
Using 3DS Studio Max and Mental Ray
DMMultimedia | 3d tutorials | Headlight - Spherical | Texturing the Headlight
Part 2. Texturing the headlight
NEW : These textures have been updated to Mental Ray settings - see the next Texturing a car headlight with Mental Ray section.
In this section I will explain one method to generate realistic lights. There a MANY ways to get the same results - I am presently experimenting with MR Textures. The method shown in this tutorial will enable the generation of results like this:
In the above example I use just 2 textures as shown below.
The chrome material used is simply a copy of the material used in the BBS Alloy wheel tutorial (See here). It is basically a Raytrace material using an HDRI Image Map for the reflection environment.
Note: Any map will do, but if you do not have a physical environment to reflect it is best if the map has a clear difference between upper and lower sections about the horizon line. That means the upper part of the light reflector will be darker than the lower as expected in real life.
The Lens material uses an Architectural material with settings shown below. Note that there are also 2 separate Bitmaps used in the Transparency and Bump map slot. The Bump map creates the ridges and patterns of the lens. The (optional) Transparency map was used to highlight the "Halogen" text on the lens. See under for an explanation of the Bump and Transparency maps.
The Bump Map
The bump map is created in Photoshop. If you look at the full render above you can see that there are clearly defined sharp areas and also smooth bump areas. These are achieved by smoothing (using Gaussian Blur) the transition from black to white, along with different values of grey to adjust the magnitude of the bump:
A subtle effect can also be achieved by altering the Blur offset. This can help smooth any sharp edges in your bitmap without using Photoshop.